Substance is a key element in international taxation and is relevant for the application of both domestic tax law and tax treaties. The notion of substance involves a number of elements such as (i) infrastructure (equipment, facilities and employees, etc.), (ii) corporate governance (directorship, involvement of Luxembourg directors, the place where decisions are taken, etc.), (iii) functional and risk profile, (iv) legal documentation and contractual aspects, (iv) transfer pricing documentation, (iv) the actual conduct of business activities and (v) business purpose.
Substance is crucial for managing the Luxembourg tax residency of companies and to avoid a situation in which a corporate structure is (partially) disregarded under foreign anti-abuse provisions. The notion of substance also concerns the beneficial ownership concept that is employed under tax treaties and, in some cases, under domestic tax law with the objective to avoid tax treaty or EU directive shopping. Appropriate substance is further relevant in order to avoid the application of the PPT in tax treaties.
When Luxembourg companies operate in foreign jurisdictions, it is crucial to avoid the constitution of unintentional permanent establishments that could otherwise give rise to significant tax costs in the respective host states.
In practice, there are different ways to organize the substance of a Luxembourg company ranging from companies with significant internal resources that manage most of the tasks internally to companies that rely, for cost-efficiency purposes, on an outsourcing model where certain functions are outsourced to qualified service providers (or other group companies and) monitored by the employees or the directors of the company (for example, accounting and compliance services). In other cases, asset managers may have significant substance in a management or service company that renders services to other Luxembourg companies.
Upon successful completion of this workshop, the participants will:
DRH / Transfer Pricing in Luxembourg
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Oliver R. Hoor is a Tax Partner in the International and Corporate Tax Department of ATOZ. He is also heading the transfer pricing practice and the German desk of ATOZ.
His professional qualifications include the Luxembourg Certified Accountant (Expert Comptable) and the German Certified Tax Advisor (Steuerberater). He holds a degree in business administration with a major in tax from the University of Applied Sciences of Trier (Germany).
Oliver has more than 15 years of practical experience in Luxembourg and international taxation with a focus on Alternative Investments (Private Equity, Real Estate, Sovereign Wealth Funds, Hedge Funds and Securitization), Mergers & Acquisitions and Multinational Groups.
Oliver has published more than 170 articles and books on Luxembourg and international taxation, including transfer pricing and the OECD Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (“BEPS”) Project, EU Law and the State Aid investigations of the EU Commission. Oliver is further a regular speaker at conferences and lecturer with House of Training.
La société Legitech a obtenu l’agrément du Barreau de Luxembourg.
Prix : 345€ HTVA
Tarif étudiant : 48,55€ HTVA, soit 50€ TTC (à condition d’envoyer une copie de sa carte étudiant et une attestation d’inscription)
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